Design-to-Robotic-Operation (D2RO)

D2RO is presented and promoted as part of an alternative design and development paradigm (i.e., D2RP&O) of intelligent built-environments that considers the technical as well as the architectural in conjunction from the early stages of the design and development processes. In this manner, the built-environment is construed as a highly sophisticated and integrated Cyber-Physical System (CPS) consisting of mutually informing computational and physical mechanisms that operate cooperatively and continuously via a highly heterogeneous, partially meshed, and self-healing Wireless Sensor and Actuator Network (WSAN) (Liu Cheng et al. 2017).